Medicine has always been a popular choice among students in India. Off late, the field of medical studies have undergone various stages of development, and as a result of that, specialisations within the field are increasing day by day. In addition, people today need assistance from skilled medical professionals more than ever because most people lead unhealthy lifestyles that results in many kinds of ailments and diseases. A career in medicine is extremely challenging but it is also very satisfying because you get to cure illnesses and save lives. Compassion and a sense of responsibility are important for those who choose to enter this field. You also need to be dedicated, because only then will you be able to climb to the top.


It makes more sense to pursue medicine in a government college as fees would come to around R 50,000 – R 60,000 per annum while in private colleges the same would cost in lakhs.


The field of medicine offers many job opportunities; you can choose to specialize in any area of your choice –

  1. Athletic trainers
  2. Chiropractors
  3. Dental Assistants
  4. Dental Hygienists
  5. Dentists
  6. Dietitians and Nutritionists
  7. EMTs and Paramedics
  8. Nursing
  9. Massage Therapists
  10. Medical Laboratory Scientists
  11. Medical Assistants
  12. Medical Transcriptionists
  13. Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants
  14. Occupational Therapists
  15. Opticians, Dispensing
  16. Optometrists
  17. Orthotists and Prosthetists
  18. Pharmacists
  19. Physical Therapists
  20. Physician Assistants
  21. Physicians and Surgeons
  22. Podiatrists
  23. Radiation Therapists
  24. Respiratory Therapists
  25. Speech-Language Pathologists
  26. Surgical Technologists
  27. Veterinarians


It is common knowledge that doctors working in government hospitals are well paid, however in the case of private hospitals, it could vary from hospital to hospital. Starting salary in private hospitals can be anywhere in the range of R 10,000 to R 15,000 per month. A doctor can also choose to start a private practice where earnings would depend on his/her popularity.

If you want to pursue a career in medicine then you have to be willing to learn on the job, you should be open to taking advice and criticism from experienced seniors and also keep up-to date about the latest medical developments. You also need to take your job seriously because your patient’s welfare depends on you. Other qualities that a medical professional should have are good memory, stamina, patience, power of concentration, emotional stability, logical and analytical mind. You also need to be motivated because chances are that your work schedule will be hectic on most days.



Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery – 45% in HSLC

Doctor of Medicine – must possess M.B.B.S. degree

Master of Surgery – must possess M.B.B.S. degree

D.M – must possess M.D. degree

M.Ch. – must possess M.D. degree

B.Pharma – 50% in Pre University Course with biology/mathematics as one of the compulsory subjects, or DPharma (Diploma in Pharmacy).

B.Sc Nursing – 45% in 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry & Biology

B.P.T (Physiotherapy) – 45% in 10+2 with a minimum aggregate percentage of 50% marks in physics, chemistry and biology

B.O.T (Occupational Therapy) – 45% in 10+2 with PCB (physics, chemistry and biology).

B.U.M.S(Unani Medicine) – 45% in 10+2 with PCB (physics, chemistry and biology).

Optometry – Must clear EYECET examination

  1. Pharma(Ayurvedic, Siddha Medicine) – 45% in 10+2 with PCB (physics, chemistry and biology)

Lab Technicians – 45% in 10+2

Sanitary Inspector Course – 45% in HSLC and 10+2, science should be one of the subjects

General Nursing Training Course – 45% in 10+2 with PCB (physics, chemistry and biology)

Dental Mechanic Course – 50% in 10+2

Dental Hygienist Course – 50% in 10+2

Bachelor of Occupational therapy – 45% in 10+2


Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery – 5.5 years

Bachelor of Dental Surgery- 4 years

Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery – 5.5 years

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery – 5.5 years

Doctor of Medicine – 3 years

Master of Surgery – 3 years

D.M Degree – 2-3 years

M.Ch Degree – 2 years

Bachelor of Pharmacy – 4 years

B.Sc Nursing – 4 years

B.P.T (Physiotherapy) – 4.5 years

B.O.T (Occupational Therapy) – 3 years

B.U.M.S(Unani Medicine) – 5.5 years

Optometry – 2 years

Ophthalmic Assistant – 2 years

Histopathological Lab Technology – 1 year

Pharma (Ayurvedic, Siddha Medicine) – 2 year

Lab Technicians – 1 year

Sanitary Inspector Course – 1 year

General Nursing Training Course – 3.5 years

Dental Mechanic Course – 2 years

Dental Hygienist Course – 2 years

Bachelor of Occupational therapy – 3 years

Radiological Assistant – 1 year

Radiography – 2 years

Nuclear Medicine Technology – 2 years


BEST Institutes

All India Institute of Medical sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi.

Christian Medical College. Vellore.

Armed forces Medical College. Pune.

JIPMER. Puducherry.


Reality Byte

Getting an MBBS degree is not an easy task. It’s a long and vast course, plus you also need to do a lot of practical and clinical study. Also it takes you quite some time to settle down after completing the course. A career in medicine has plus points and negative points. There is an endless amount of stress and pressure. You need to be mentally and physically strong to overcome them. You are also at a risk of getting communicable diseases while interacting with patients. But on the other hand it offers respect and status in the society. You can also be certain that you will never be out of job prospects since there is a huge deficit of doctors in our country. However the best part is the job satisfaction, there is not feeling that can compare to the satisfying feeling you get by seeing patients you have treated get well.

Treedip Jyoti Deori, Doctor, Guwahati


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